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Ionic Bond

Article ID: 31
Last updated: 25 Jun, 2013
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Ionic bonds result when electrons are transfered between atoms forming ions.
 

The electron donor will become a positively charged ioncation
The electron acceptor will become a negatively charged ion = anion

The ionic bonds then result from the non-directional, electrostatic interaction between the ions based on simple electrostatics.
 
Mathematically, ionic bonds are formed when the electronegativity difference (Δχ) between the atoms is > 1.7 Debye

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Department of Chemistry & Chemical Biology